The Arava area in Israel is residence to a rising space of round 20,000 dunam (5,000 acres) of Medjool dates. Many of the date timber are feminine, which require pollination utilizing pollen from the male date timber.
The most typical pollination technique in many of the business groves is utilizing an air fan blower towed by tractors. These followers blow the pollen powder towards the tree cover.
Drones have been used for quite a lot of agricultural duties since 2016. They’re generally used for picture evaluation to acknowledge lack of water and nitrogen. Drone pollination is a more moderen observe for everlasting crops like almonds, pistachios and fruit timber.
Throughout 2019, the MOP Arava analysis institute group, led by Dr. Efi Tripler, determined to check drone pollination utilization and efficacy for dates. The drone technique was unstudied and lacked recognition inside the date rising trade. For this goal, the institute contacted Dropcopter ( Dropcopter.com USA) and Blue White Robotics (bluewhiterobotics.com Israel), who present autonomous automobiles for pollination and precision agriculture to conduct a pollination take a look at through the 2020 season utilizing drones.
The Dropcopter pollination pod has the aptitude to hold and unfold as much as 5kg of date pollen. The system is designed to hold and use much less pollen in greater focus than the fan blowers. The pollen combination is about to 98% pollen and a couple of% activated carbon.
About Blue White Robotics:
Blue White Robotics places one of the best of precision Ag know-how within the palms of contemporary growers. As a single vendor they supply integration, service and help for Autonomous drones and sensible farming to scale back agriculture labor dependency whereas delivering the very best ranges of security, effectivity and return on funding, particularly through the challenges of COVID19.
Throughout March – April 2020, four pollination flights have been made, one per week. The optimum pollination peak was examined and set. To check the pollination effectiveness, glass assortment slides have been positioned inside the tree cover, and later examined beneath a microscope. Flower samples have been collected from the timber to check for optimistic pollen presence on the flower’s stigma.
The date yield was weighed and sorted by high quality. The yield on the drone pollination timber was 100 kg on common, with 90% export high quality (weight and high quality depend upon number of parameters – dilution, irrigation, fertilization and climate).
This take a look at proves the power to pollinate dates utilizing drones. “We’ll proceed to check this technique with a view to enhance effectivity and achieve essentially the most from this know-how for Arava date groves whereas analyzing the financial advantages in comparison with tractor towed fan blowers.”
Central & Northern Arava-Tamar R&D
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